Comparing Homosapien vs Neanderthal
The homo sapiens species is pretty well known. We are the most intelligent, the smartest, the best looking, the strongest, the tallest, and the biggest. Homo Sapiens is what makes up 99% of the human population today. However, it turns out that humans aren’t the only ones that fall under the genus homo. There are three other types of hominids that make up the rest of us. These include the Neanderthals, Denisovans, and the Hominins.
Neanderthals are the closest cousins to modern humans. They lived in Eurasia during the Pleistocene epoch. Neanderthals had big brains, large faces, and stockier builds compared to modern humans. Their skulls were smaller and more elongated than ours. They had larger jaws and cheekbones. In fact, some scientists believe that Neanderthals were the original cavemen.
Denisovans are another group of extinct hominids. They lived in Asia and Australia about 50,000 to 30,000 years ago. Denisovans shared many similarities with Neanderthals. Both groups had small heads, large eyes, and thick eyebrows. They both had long arms and legs. And they both had flat noses.
Hominins are the third type of hominid. They live today in Africa. They evolved into different subspecies over the course of millions of years. Chimpanzees, gorillas, bonobos, and orangutans are all part of this group. Humans are one of the oldest forms of hominins.
Neanderthal vs Homosapien: Height
The height of homo sapiens varies according to many different factors including climate, nutrition, health, genetics, etc. On average, the world’s tallest people live in Japan, where males stand about 7ft 3inches tall. In contrast, the shortest people tend to live in sub-Saharan Africa, where females are around 5ft 2 inches.
However, there are some interesting exceptions. For example, the Neandertal species existed from 300,000BCE to 30,000 BCE, and lived in Europe and Asia. They were generally small, standing approximately 5ft 6ins tall on average.
In comparison, modern Homo Sapiens have been around since 200,000 BCE. We’ve evolved over time into larger and larger individuals. On average, we’re now around 5ft 9in tall.
This height difference can in part due to the shorter limbs of Neandertals compared to Homo Sapiens. Our long legs allow us to walk upright, and our hands and fingers give us the ability to make tools.
Neanderthal vs Homosapien: Teeth
Teeth are one of the most important parts of our bodies. They help us eat, speak, chew, and even smile. But did you know that there are some major differences between Homo sapiens and Homo neanderthalensis? In fact, Neanderthals had teeth that were quite different from ours. Their teeth were much bigger than ours, their roots were larger, and their gaps between their teeth were wider. These differences suggest that Neanderthals grew up faster than we do. This could mean that they ate more food, and it also suggests that they developed faster than humans.
Neanderthal vs Homosapien: Bones
The differences between Neanderthals and homo sapiens are vast. There are many physical differences between the two species including the size of their brains, teeth, jaws, hands, feet, legs, arms, and even their skeletons. In fact, there are some very noticeable differences between the two species. For instance, homo sapiens have a larger brain capacity than Neanderthals. Homo sapiens also have wider shoulders and shorter necks. On the other hand, Neanderthals have longer limbs, bigger hips, and smaller heads. Neanderthals also had a more robust skull shape with a broader face area. This gives us clues about how they lived.
In addition to the obvious physical differences, Neanderthals and homon sapiens also differ in terms of behavior and diet. Neanderthals hunted large game animals like bison, elk, deer, and rhinoceros. On the other hand homo sapiens preferred small prey such as rabbits, rodents, birds, fish, insects, and shellfish. However, it seems that both species ate plants and fruits.
Neanderthal vs Homosapien: Body Shape
The difference between humans and our closest evolutionary cousins, the Neanderthals, is one of the most distinctive features we possess. While Homo sapiens are tall, thin, and upright, Neanderthals were shorter and stockier. Scientists believe this change occurred about 500,000 years ago, based on analysis of fossils found in modern day Spain. In fact, the average height of a Neanderthal male is 4 feet 10 inches, compared to 5 feet 7 inches for a modern human male. However, there is another feature that distinguishes us from Neanderthals: the size of our chests.
Our bodies are shaped differently because our ancestors evolved over millions of years. As a species, we became taller and thinner, while our forebears became shorter and stockier. Our bodies changed, but what happened to the Neanderthals? Did they become smaller too? To find out, researchers looked at the skeletons of both groups. They discovered that Neanderthals had larger and flatter chests, suggesting that their lungs could have been better suited to breathing air at high altitudes. This finding suggests that the evolution of bigger chests may be linked to living at higher elevations.
Frequently Asked Questions
Are neanderthals and humans the same species?
Neanderthals and modern human beings both come from the same family of primates called hominids. They share a common ancestor, but they are not the same species because they do not interbreed. Neanderthals were our ancestors, but we are not related to them genetically. We are also not related to any other living primate.